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世界の今と日本

「歴史の残酷さ」「歴史の皮肉」Immigrants Crisis & ISRAEL

2016/07/12

日本に帰って来てからも、シリアからの難民の悲惨な状況がしばしば画面に映し出される。海を渡る危険。乏しい食料。住むところすら決まらない苦悩。

それを見るたび、イスラエルで見た一枚の写真が思い出される。

イスラエル建国後、ユダヤ人の移民が波のように押し寄せ、4年で人口が倍になった。独立戦争前は60万人しかいなかったユダヤ人が、戦争で多くの犠牲を払ったあと、ほとんど無一文で移住して来た同胞を受け入れた。一人が一人以上を受け入れることは、そもそも砂漠の地を開拓してようやく出来上がった貧しい国の民には本当に過酷なことだった。

3年前、日本にいた時の私の「ユダヤ人観」と来たら、とってもお粗末で、きっと「お金持ちだったから、国も簡単に創ったのだろう。」と思っていたが、とんでもなかった。

武器もろくにないまま戦い、多くの死者を出した彼らには、食料も家もなく、最初の数年はテント——まさに難民テントでの生活が待っていた。食料は配給制で、妊婦にすら、週に卵を2個配るのがようやくのことだった。それでも誰も新しい移民を受け入れるのに、文句を言わなかった。

なぜなら、第二次世界大戦前、世界中に散らばっていたユダヤ人は1800万人程度。ホロコーストでその3分の1、600万人が殺された。(日本人1億2000万に当てはめると、4000万人が数年で殺されたことになる!)他の地にいれば、いつ民族が滅亡するか分からない。建国前も、建国以後も一人一人が必死の戦いをしていたのだと思う。

しかし、イスラエルの「建国」自体、その地にいたアラブ人には本当に降ってわいた様な災厄だったと思う。「何故、ヨーロッパで起きた歪みのつけを自分たちが支払わなければならないのか?不条理だ!!」その怒りはよくわかる。

しかし、結局、国連は分割を決議し、それに異を唱えて戦いを始めたアラブ側は、兵力、金力、支持する国々の圧倒的な優位を持っていたにもかかわらず、敗北してしまった。そして今、見過ごせないほどの混乱が続いている。・・・シリア難民の悲壮な表情を見ながら、つい「歴史の皮肉」、「歴史の残酷さ」を考えてしまう。

 

Even after I came back to Japan, I often watch the terrible situations of the refugees mainly from Syria. The high risk of traveling over the sea. The shortage of foods. The depressive uncertainty over where they could stay…

Whenever I see them, they remind me of one picture I saw in Israel.

After the establishment Israel the waves of the immigrants came to Israel. The population doubled in 4 years. There were only 600,000 Jews in Palestine before the war. They lost so many in the war. One Jew needed to accept more than one immigrant in the first 4 years. Most of the immigrants were poor and had nothing. It was very hard for the poor for themselves people who had just became independent after cultivation of the dry and wild soil.

Before I went to Israel, I was so ignorant that I thought Jews were rich so they could build the nation state easily. How stupid I was!!

When they needed to fight the independent war, they had very few wepons. Many Jews were sacrificed in the war. They had not enough house, nor foods for the new immigrants. They stayed in the tents---just like Syrian immigrants are now living in. The scarce foods were delivered with coupons. Even the pregnant woman could hardly get 2 eggs in a week. But no one complained about accepting new immigrants.

There were about 18 million Jews in the world. One third of them, 6million were killed in the Holocaust. Please imagine that one third of Japanese were killed in 5 years…it would be 40 million of Japanese! They knew if they stay in Europe the Jew could be extinguished someday. Each one of Jews must have struggling so hard even before the war and after the war to survive.

I believe the Arab who were living in Palestine before the war thought it was the terrible calamity the immigration of the Jews. They must have felt it was unfair for them to pay for the distortion in Europe. I do understand the anger of them.

But in the end the UN decided to divide the land for the two peoples. The Arab were not agreed on the decision. So they started the war against the Jews. The Arab was defeated despite of their overwhelming force of arms, and wealth. Many Arab countries supported their decision and waged the war together and lost the war. And there is still unneglectable turmoil on the soil…. While I saw the too terrible situation of the Syrian refugees, I cannot help thinking “ the Irony of the History” and “ the Cruelty of the History”.

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-世界の今と日本